Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in Hardin Kentucky. In 1818 when he was 8, his mother passed away. His father moved to family to Indiana, and remarried. In 1830 they moved to Illinois. As a child he had really no schooling, but he had taught himself how to read and many other things.
At the age of 22, Lincoln moved to New Salem, Illinois and worked as a manager at a mill and as a clerk in a local store. In 1832 he became a captain of a volunteer company in the Black Hawk War. While continuing his education and studying law he worked as a village postmaster and a surveyor. At the age of 23 he became a state legislature and two years later got his license to practice law. He married Mary Todd on November 4, 1842, and was the father of 4 sons. From 1847 to 1849, Lincoln served in congress, and was a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention in 1848. In 1856 he helped for the Republican Party and four years later, at the age of 51, Abraham Lincoln became the sixteenth President of the United State of America and was re-elected in 1864. He was shot at Fords Theater on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth, and taken to a hospital nearby and died the next morning.
As a president, he issued the emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves in the Confederate States of America.